Self-Governance is fundamentally designed to provide Tribal governments with more control and decision-making authority over the federal financial resources provided for the benefit of Indian people. Self-Governance is premised on the government-to-government relationship that exists between Indian Tribes and the United States as Sovereign nations. Self-Governance provides administratively the opportunity for Tribal governments to exercise their sovereignty with minimal federal interference and involvement.
History of Self-Governance
Public Law 93-638, the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975 or ISDEAA has been a Tribally driven initiative made possible through Congressional authorization and appropriate support. The Act reversed a 30-year effort by the federal government under its preceding termination policy to sever treaty relationships with and obligations to Indian tribes. More importantly, Self-Governance fostered the shaping of a "new partnership" between Tribes and the United States in their government-togovernment relationships.
Self-Governance was proposed by Tribes who, twelve years after passage of Public Law 93-638 continued to be frustrated with the Federal Indian bureaucracy as exhibited by the BIA and early IHS. As a way to demonstrate a Tribe’s ability to manage federal funds and administer the associated federal programs, Tribes had to go through the a five year demonstration project phase as required in Title III of P.L. 93-638, as amended. Once satisfactorily completing the demonstration phase, then a Tribe would be considered fully compacted as amendments to include Title IV (1994) and Title V (2000), Department of Interior and Indian Health Service, respectively came on line.
One of the first seven tribes to sign a compact with the Department of Interior/Bureau of Indian Affairs in November of 1990.
One of the first 14 tribes to sign a self-governance compact with the Department of Health and Human Services/Indian Health Services in 1994.
Participated in the Demonstration Project – Title III of ISDEAA for both Department of Interior and Indian Health Service as required.
Participant in the negotiated rulemaking for the Title IV amendment to ISDEAA.
Title III Demonstration Project with the Department of Interior is now compact with the 1994 Title IV amendment to include Self-Governance in DOI.
Title III Demonstration Project with Indian Health Service is now a compact with the 2000 Title V amendment to include Self-Governance in IHS.
2017 – IHS Compact and Funding Agreement language modernized to reflect any new amendments and citations.
Tribal Programs and Services compacted with DOI/BIA/HHS/IHS